文章摘要
核桃青皮缓蚀剂的提取制备及其缓蚀性能
Extraction and Preparation of Walnut Green Hush Inhibitor and its Inhibitive Action
投稿时间:2017-11-01  修订日期:2018-04-13
DOI:
中文关键词:   盐酸  核桃青皮  缓蚀剂  提取制备  吸附
英文关键词: steel  hydrochloric acid  walnut green husk  inhibitor  extraction and preparation  adsorption
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李向红 西南林业大学 xianghong-li@163.com 
邓书端 西南林业大学  
徐昕 西南林业大学  
摘要点击次数: 151
全文下载次数: 
中文摘要:
      以乙醇水溶液为提取溶剂采用回流提取法从核桃青皮中提取制备出核桃青皮缓蚀剂(WGHI),并用失重法、动电位极化曲线、电化学阻抗谱(EIS)、紫外光谱(UV)、红外光谱(FTIR)和扫描电子显微镜(SEM)测试研究了WGHI对冷轧钢在0.5 mol/L HCl介质中的缓蚀性能。结果表明:乙醇体积分数为40%时提取制备出的WGHI的产率和缓蚀率均较佳,分别为14.2%和90.3%。WGHI对冷轧钢在0.5 mol/L HCl溶液中腐蚀具有明显的抑制作用,且随着WGHI浓度用量的增加缓蚀性能逐渐增加,但随温度的升高有所下降。WGHI可通过物理吸附和化学吸附方式在钢表面自发产生吸附,吸附过程中会释放出热量且伴随有混乱度减小,且吸附规律遵循Langmuir吸附方程。添加WGHI后明显抑制了钢的阴极和阳极腐蚀反应,为混合抑制型缓蚀剂;Nyquist呈单一弥散容抗弧,其阻抗值随WGHI浓度用量的增加而显著增大。从腐蚀微观腐蚀形貌可明显看出WGHI能有效减缓钢表面在HCl中的腐蚀和降低表面粗糙度。
英文摘要:
      Walnut green husk inhibitor (WGHI) was extracted and prepared by reflux extraction with the solvent of ethanol water solution. The inhibition action of WGHI on the corrosion of cold rolled steel in 0.5 mol/L HCl was studied by weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometer (UV), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) methods. The results show that the optimum volume fraction of ethanol solution is 40%, and the corresponding maximum production rate and inhibition efficiency are 14.2% and 90.3%, respectively. WGHI can efficiently inhibit the corrosion of cold rolled steel in 0.5 mol/L HCl. Inhibition performance increases with the concentration of WGHI, but decreases with the increase of temperature. Through both physisorption and chemisorption mechanism, WGHI can adsorb on steel surface spontaneously, in which the heat is released and accompanied by a decrease in chaotic degree, and its adsorption behavior obeys Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The addition of WGHI drastically inhibits both anodic and cathodic reactions for the corrosion of steel, and can be arranged as a mixed-type inhibitor. Nyquist appears an individual depressed capacitive loop, and the impedance increases with the increase of WGHI concentration. Inspection of the micrographs of corroded steel surface reveals that WGHI can efficiently retard the corrosion and decrease the surface roughness of steel surface in HCl solution.
View Fulltext   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭